AskDefine | Define volume

Dictionary Definition

volume

Noun

1 the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object; "the gas expanded to twice its original volume"
2 the property of something that is great in magnitude; "it is cheaper to buy it in bulk"; "he received a mass of correspondence"; "the volume of exports" [syn: bulk, mass]
3 physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together; "he used a large book as a doorstop" [syn: book]
4 a publication that is one of a set of several similar publications; "the third volume was missing"; "he asked for the 1989 volume of the Annual Review"
5 a relative amount; "mix one volume of the solution with ten volumes of water"
6 the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction); "the kids played their music at full volume" [syn: loudness, intensity] [ant: softness]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /vɒljuːm/

Etymology

From volume.

Noun

  1. A unit of three dimensional measure of space that comprises a length, a width and a height. It is measured in units of cubic centimeters in metric, cubic inches or cubic feet in English measurement. (The room is 9x12x8, so its volume is 864 cubic feet.)
  2. Strength of sound. Measured in decibels. (Please turn down the volume on the stereo.)
  3. The issues of a periodical over a period of one year. (I looked at this week's copy of the magazine. It was volume 23, issue 45.)
  4. A single book of a publication issued in multi-book format, such as an encyclopedia. (The letter "G" was found in volume 4.)
  5. A synonym for quantity. (The volume of ticket sales decreased this week.)
  6. The total supply of money in circulation or, less frequently, total amount of credit extended, within a specified national market or worldwide.

See also

Derived terms

Translations

unit of three dimensional measure that consists of a length, a width and a height
strength of sound
issues of a periodical over a period of one year
single book of a publication issued in multi-book format, such as an encyclopedia
synonym for quantity

French

Pronunciation

  • /vɔ.lym/
  • SAMPA: /vO.lym/

Etymology

From volumen.

Noun

fr-noun m

Related terms

Italian

Noun

  1. volume

Extensive Definition

The volume of any solid, liquid, or gas is how much three-dimensional space it occupies, often quantified numerically. One-dimensional figures (such as lines) and two-dimensional shapes (such as squares) are assigned zero volume in the three-dimensional space.
Volumes of straight-edged and circular shapes are calculated using arithmetic formulae. Volumes of other curved shapes are calculated using integral calculus, by approximating the given body with a large amount of small cubes or concentric cylindrical shells, and adding the individual volumes of those shapes. The volume of irregularly shaped objects can be determined by displacement. If an irregularly shaped object is less dense than the fluid, you will need a weight to attach to the floating object. A sufficient weight will cause the object to sink. The final volume of the unknown object can be found by subtracting the volume of the attached heavy object and the total fluid volume displaced.
The generalization of volume to arbitrarily many dimensions is called content. In differential geometry, volume is expressed by means of the volume form.
Volume and capacity are sometimes distinguished, with capacity being used for how much a container can hold (with contents measured commonly in litres or its derived units), and volume being how much space an object displaces (commonly measured in cubic metres or its derived units). The volume of a dispersed gas is the capacity of its container. If more gas is added to a closed container, the container either expands (as in a balloon) or the pressure inside the container increases.
Volume and capacity are also distinguished in a capacity management setting, where capacity is defined as volume over a specified time period.
Volume is a fundamental parameter in thermodynamics and it is conjugate to pressure.

Volume formulas

(The units of volume depend on the units of length - if the lengths are in meters, the volume will be in cubic meters, etc)
The volume of a parallelepiped is the absolute value of the scalar triple product of the subtending vectors, or equivalently the absolute value of the determinant of the corresponding matrix.
The volume of any tetrahedron, given its vertices a, b, c and d, is (1/6)·|det(a−b, b−c, c−d)|, or any other combination of pairs of vertices that form a simply connected graph.

Volume measures: cooking

Traditional cooking measures for volume also include:
  • teaspoon = 1/6 U.S. fluid ounce (about 4.929 mL)
  • teaspoon = 1/6 Imperial fluid ounce (about 4.736 mL)
  • teaspoon = 5 mL (metric)
  • tablespoon = ½ U.S. fluid ounce or 3 teaspoons (about 14.79 mL)
  • tablespoon = ½ Imperial fluid ounce or 3 teaspoons (about 14.21 mL)
  • tablespoon = 15 mL or 3 teaspoons (metric)
  • tablespoon = 5 fluidrams (about 17.76 mL) (British)
  • cup = 8 U.S. fluid ounces or ½ U.S. liquid pint (about 237 mL)
  • cup = 8 Imperial fluid ounces or ½ fluid pint (about 227 mL)
  • cup = 250 mL (metric)

Relationship to density

The density of an object is defined as mass per unit volume.
The term specific volume is used for volume divided by mass. This is the reciprocal of the mass density, expressed in units such as cubic meters per kilogram (m³·kg-1).
volume in Afrikaans: Volume
volume in Bulgarian: Обем
volume in Catalan: Volum
volume in Czech: Objem
volume in Danish: Rumfang
volume in German: Volumen
volume in Modern Greek (1453-): Όγκος
volume in Spanish: Unidades de volumen
volume in Esperanto: Volumeno
volume in Basque: Bolumen (espazioa)
volume in French: Volume
volume in Korean: 부피
volume in Croatian: Obujam
volume in Indonesian: Volume
volume in Italian: Volume
volume in Hebrew: נפח
volume in Luxembourgish: Volumen
volume in Lithuanian: Tūris
volume in Hungarian: Térfogat
volume in Macedonian: Волумен
volume in Malay (macrolanguage): Isi padu
volume in Dutch: Inhoud
volume in Japanese: 体積
volume in Norwegian: Volum
volume in Norwegian Nynorsk: Volum
volume in Polish: Objętość (matematyka)
volume in Portuguese: Volume
volume in Romanian: Volum
volume in Quechua: P'ulin
volume in Russian: Объём
volume in Simple English: Volume
volume in Slovak: Objem
volume in Slovenian: Prostornina
volume in Finnish: Tilavuus
volume in Swedish: Volym (geometri)
volume in Tamil: கனவளவு
volume in Vietnamese: Thể tích
volume in Turkish: Hacim
volume in Ukrainian: Об'єм
volume in Chinese: 体积

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abundance, accommodation, acreage, acres, aggregate, amount, amplitude, area, armful, article, back number, bagful, bags, barrelful, barrels, basketful, best seller, bigness, binful, body, book, bottleful, bound book, bowlful, breadth, bulk, burden, bushel, caliber, capacity, capful, caseful, chapter, classic, clause, collection, coloring book, column, content, continuum, copiousness, copy, cordage, countlessness, coverage, crescendo, definitive work, depth, diameter, dimension, dimensions, edition, emptiness, empty space, expanse, expansion, extension, extent, fascicle, field, flood, folio, fullness, galactic space, gauge, girth, great work, greatness, handful, hardback, height, impression, infinite space, installment, intensity, interstellar space, issue, juvenile, juvenile book, kettleful, lapful, largeness, length, library, library edition, limit, limp-cover book, livraison, load, loudishness, loudness, magnitude, magnum opus, mass, measure, measurement, mountain, mouthful, much, multitude, nonbook, notebook, nothingness, novel, number, numerousness, object, ocean, oceans, opus, opuscule, opusculum, outer space, paperback, paragraph, part, passage, peck, phrase, picture book, playbook, plenitude, plenty, pocket book, poundage, prayer book, printing, production, profusion, proportion, proportions, psalmbook, psalter, publication, quantities, quantity, radius, range, reach, room, scale, school edition, scope, sea, section, serial, series, set, size, sketchbook, soft-cover, songbook, sonority, sonorousness, space, spate, spatial extension, sphere, spread, standard work, storybook, stowage, sum total, superabundance, superficial extension, superfluity, supply, surface, surge, surge of sound, swell, swelling, title, tome, tonnage, tons, tract, trade book, trade edition, verse, void, width, work, world, worlds, writing
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